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1993 Publications

Anaerobic Testing and Evaluationby Gilbert W. Gleim, Ph.D.Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma, Lenox Hill Hospital, 130 East 77th Street, New York, NY 10021. - last modified 2013-02-09 00:00
Med Exerc Nutr Health 1993;2:27-35


Anaerobic power is by definition derived from ATP produced via phosphocreatine and glycolysis. Anaerobic and aerobic energy production usually occurs in muscle groups even during very short events, which are typically called anaerobic. Work that can be generated from anaerobic energy sources is influenced by the series elastic component of skeletal muscle, muscle temperature, and prior exercise.

Tests of anaerobic power must be performed with the ability to measure work within seconds of the onset of activity, while anaerobic capacity is measured over longer periods of time up to 90 s. Differences in anaerobic power noted between men and women are clearly influenced by differences in body composition.

The decline in anaerobic power that occurs with age may be due to a decline in lean body mass and therefore could theoretically be abated by interval training. The effects of aging on anaerobic power remains an area for future research.