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1992 Publications

Sucrose Ingestion Following Exercise: Selected Cardiovascular, Hormonal, Renal, and Metabolic Effectsby Gilbert W. Gleim, PhD, Beth W. Glace, BS, Paul M. Zabetakis, MD, Michael F. Michelis, MD, FACN, and James A. Nicholas, MDThe Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma and Nephrology Section, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York - last modified 2013-02-09 00:00
Journal of the American College of Nutrition. Vol. 11, No. 6, 719-727 (1992)


Carbohydrates, frequently consumed following exercise for glycogen resynthesis' have been shown to have other systemic effects in resting men. We examined the effects of postexercise sucrose (a disaccharide carbohydrate) ingestion on the renal, cardiovascular, and sympathetic nervous systems. Eight men consumed 1 L of water (W) or 1 L of a 200 g sucrose solution (S) following 1 hour of bicycle exercise at 70% heart rate reserve.

Measurements were made during 2 hours of recovery. Heart rate and systolic blood pressure were elevated following S as compared to W (p < 0.009, p < 0.04, respectively). Diastolic blood pressure was lower after S (p < 0.04) and mean blood pressure did not differ between beverages. Plasma and urinary catecholamines decreased similarly after exercise regardless of treatment.

After S insulin (p = 0.0019) and glucose (p = 0.0036) were increased but serum aldosterone (p = 0.0083) and potassium (p = 0.0285) responses were lower. No differences were observed for plasma renin activity. Urine volume and kaliuresis were less after S (p = 0.03, p = 0.03). A 24% increase in metabolic rate (p = 0.002) and increased respiratory exchange ratio (p = 0.02) after S were observed.

Systemic effects of sucrose ingestion following exercise include cardiovascular, renal, endocrine, and metabolic changes.